Gabriel Mircea Talmatchi

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       Museum of National History and Archeology Constanța

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Urban evolutions at Tropaeum Traiani in the 4th – 6th centuries AD from the perspective of archaeological research in the southern neighborhood (campaigns 2003–2020).


Archaeological research carried out in the southern district of Tropaeum Traiani (Adamclisi, Constanța County) was resumed in the early 2000s in order to clarify some aspects of the stratigraphic, urban and planimetry situation. There are two imposing constructions that are worth mentioning among the captured urban architecture ensembles. On the one hand, a first Roman building (constructed at the beginning of the 4 th century AD), with the dimensions of 11.60 m × 9.90 m, which from the 5 th century AD seems to be used intermittently until decommissioning. The second is of the domus type, oriented north-south, and has, like the previous one, a private character in its initial stage (with the dimensions of 40 × 20 m). Several compartments were discovered inside the building, the clearest being an atrium and a vestibulum. The position and dimensions of the building correspond to the available buildable space allocated in the neighborhood to such buildings. Subsequent interventions within it brought about substantial changes in spatiality. Its construction belongs to the Constantinian era or not long after that, towards the middle of the 4 th century AD. The second stage of evolution corresponds to a partial reconstruction of the building and redistribution (the first decades of the sixth century AD). This building is one of the most imposing civil constructions discovered in the ancient city to date, located 10 m north of the basilica forensis.

Research in the sector has also focused on cardo, identifying a portion of about 20 m, with a variable width between 2.20 and 2.30 m, oriented north-south. Cardo remains in the sixth century the second most important vital transport route, even if, towards the end of this century and at the beginning of the next, there is a blockage and even a clogging of it with household waste in the last sequences of use of the fortress. as a shelter.


This page is part of the project LABedia: Еncyclopedia of Late Antique Balkans, 4th-5th c.,
financed by the National Science Fund, contract КП-06-Н30/6, 13.12.2018