This page is part of the project LABedia: Еncyclopedia of Late Antique Balkans, 4th-5th c.,
financed by the National Science Fund, contract КП-06-Н30/6, 13.12.2018
Institute of Balkan Studies & Center of Thracology - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Barbarian Christian communities and the Canons of the Second Ecumenical Council.
In 381 on the initiative of imperator Teodosii I in Constantinople, a council is adjourned, with the idea to solve the Arian dispute on one hand, and to clarify the relationship between the different Christian communities, on the other.
The Second canon gives an opportunity to Christian communities outside the border of the Roman empire (between barbarians) to keep their church organization and their relationship with the rest church structures, keeping their customs. First canon, however, established border in regards to different heretic teachings and expels them from the Church. Part of the barbarian tribes and states, which were orthodox, fall under the scope of the second canon. But other (for example most of Goths were arians) were cut from the Church and established their „church“ organizations.
The same type of relations create other canons – for example the canons from 1st to 20th at the council of Gangra, which also sepatate different heresies from the Church.